October 26, 2016

VOMITING IN TODDLERS!

What should I do if my toddler is vomiting?

Throwing up is usually no cause for alarm. But in some cases it can signal a serious health problem. Here's how to tell when your toddler's vomiting needs immediate medical attention — and how to deal with vomiting that doesn't need a doctor's care.

Call for emergency immediately if:

    -Your toddler's having trouble breathing.
    -He shows signs of severe dehydration, like sunken eyes, cold, splotchy hands and feet, excessive sleepiness, fussiness, or lightheadedness, dizziness, or delirium.
     -He has severe abdominal pain. Your toddler can't explain exactly where he hurts, but you know him best and can probably tell when he's in considerable pain. He could have a blockage in his bowel or some other problem that needs immediate attention.
    -The vomit contains bile (a green substance) or blood that resembles dark coffee grounds. The doctor will probably want to see a sample of the vomit if it contains blood or bile, so as distasteful as it is, you should try to save some in a plastic baggie. Green bile can indicate that the intestines are blocked, a condition that needs immediate attention.
    -He has a swollen, tender abdomen. This could indicate a buildup of fluid or gas, a blocked intestine, a hernia, or some other digestive tract problem. Blockages are uncommon but serious.
    -He vomits more than once after suffering a head injury, which may indicate a concussion.
    -He's vomiting and very irritable or lethargic. He may have a stiff neck, a hallmark sign of meningitis.

Call your toddler's doctor if:

    -Your child has been vomiting for more than 24 hours. For some illnesses, this is perfectly normal, but check with the doctor to be sure.
    -He shows signs of becoming dehydrated, including decreased urination (more than six to eight hours without a wet diaper), dry lips and mouth, crying without tears, lethargy, and dark yellow urine.
    -The vomit contains blood. A little blood in the vomit is usually nothing to worry about, as the force of vomiting can cause tiny tears in the blood vessels lining the esophagus. Your toddler's vomit may also be tinged with red if he's swallowed blood from a cut in his mouth or a nosebleed within the last six hours. But call the doctor if he continues to have blood in his vomit or the amount increases. As mentioned above, if the blood resembles dark coffee grounds, go to the emergency room right away.
    -He shows signs of fatigue and jaundice (a yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes). Jaundice accompanied by pain in the upper right side of the abdomen may signal hepatitis.
    -You suspect your toddler has swallowed something toxic. If you can identify what he's swallowed — for example, you find an empty medicine bottle — tell the medical experts what it is, and they'll give you exact instructions for taking care of your child.

Experts used to tell parents to keep either syrup of ipecac or activated charcoal on hand for poisoning emergencies. But that's no longer the case: Ipecac is not an effective treatment for poisoning — most emergency rooms don't even use it anymore — and activated charcoal hasn't been proven a safe or effective remedy to give children at home.

If you have ipecac in your home, pediatrics recommend that you dispose of it immediately and safely. (Never throw away any medications in a garbage can that your toddler can get into.)

How can I keep my toddler from getting dehydrated?

Dehydration can be a serious problem for young children, and if your toddler is vomiting (or has a fever or diarrhea), he's losing precious fluids.

One way to keep your toddler hydrated when he's been vomiting is to give him an electrolyte solution as soon as he's able to keep liquids down. (Such solutions are sold over the counter in most drugstores — ask your pharmacist.)

Don't force your toddler to drink the electrolyte solution when he's still actively vomiting (every five or ten minutes). But after his tummy's been calm for half an hour or so, offer him slow, frequent sips — say 1 teaspoon (5 cc) every ten minutes for a couple of hours. Then — if he tolerates that well — increase the amount to 2 teaspoons (10 cc) every five minutes. Continue to progress slowly until the vomiting eases up.

These electrolyte solutions are very mild and easy on the stomach, but if your toddler won't take them, try giving him clear liquids such as water or broth. Juices sometimes make matters worse (especially if your child also has diarrhea), but if juice is the only liquid your child will drink, don't increase the amount he normally drinks in a day, but dilute it half and half with water. (So if he usually drinks 3 or 4 ounces of juice in a day, you might dilute this to 6 or 8 ounces of liquid.) He might also enjoy ice pops or slushies made from electrolyte solutions or diluted juices. Don't give him carbonated drinks, though, as they're terrible for his teeth and won't help settle his stomach.

What about medications?

Don't give your toddler any prescription or over-the-counter anti-nausea medication unless his doctor recommends it.

And never give medications containing aspirin to a child. Aspirin can make children susceptible to Reye's syndrome, a rare but potentially fatal illness.

Are there any safe home remedies?

If your little one will drink it, you can brew up a tummy-friendly tea such as chamomile, peppermint, or ginger. To prevent scalding, serve it warm, not hot.

When can my toddler eat solids again?

Once your toddler's vomiting diminishes or stops and his appetite returns, you can slowly reintroduce other fluids (including milk) as well as healthful foods. Pediatrics recommend that a child recovering from stomach troubles resume a normal diet as soon as possible: Offer whatever solid foods your child normally eats, including complex carbohydrates (like breads, cereals, and rice), lean meats, yogurt, fruits, and vegetables, but steer clear of fatty foods.

This differs from the BRAT diet (bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast) that doctors used to prescribe. Studies show that reintroducing a standard diet can actually shorten recovery time by half a day because it restores essential nutrients the body needs to fight infection. If your toddler misses a few days' worth of good nutrition because his bug kills his appetite, don't worry. Just make sure you keep him hydrated.

By the way, doctors vary on how they feel about milk consumption after vomiting; you might want to discuss this with your toddler's doctor.
Why is my toddler vomiting?

Children vomit for a number of reasons. And while it's always disconcerting for you and scary for your toddler — it may even make him cry — vomiting usually isn't serious. (For guidance on when to see a doctor, see the first section of this article.) You'll want to find out what's causing it, though, both to confirm that he's okay and to make him more comfortable. If your child vomits once and that's the end of it, maybe he just ate too much at his last meal. If he continues to vomit, possible causes include:

Viral or bacterial infection
A stomach flu or other intestinal illness is the most likely culprit. If a virus or bacteria have infected your toddler's stomach lining or intestines, he may also have diarrhea, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, and fever. The vomiting usually stops within 12 to 24 hours.

Other infections:
Congestion or a respiratory infection, such as a cold, can also lead to vomiting, especially while your toddler's coughing. A urinary tract infection and even an ear infection can sometimes cause nausea and vomiting. Throwing up can also be a symptom of serious illnesses like pneumonia, meningitis, appendicitis, and, in rare cases, Reye's syndrome.
Motion sickness:
Some children tend to get motion sickness, which can be a problem if your daily routine includes a car trip. Experts believe that motion sickness happens when there's a disconnect between what your toddler sees and what he senses with the motion-sensitive parts of his body, such as his inner ears and some nerves.

Poisonous substance
Your toddler could be vomiting if he's swallowed something toxic, like a drug, plant, medicine, or chemical. Or he may have gotten food poisoning from contaminated food or water.

Excessive crying
A prolonged bout of crying or coughing can trigger the gag reflex and make your toddler throw up. Although it's troubling for both of you, throwing up during a crying spell won't physically harm your toddler. If he appears otherwise healthy, there's no reason to be concerned.
Can I do anything to prevent vomiting?

Yes, several strategies are worth trying:

    To help minimize motion sickness, schedule plenty of stops during your trips to give your toddler a chance to get some fresh air and calm his tummy. Give him a small snack before the trip — having something in his stomach will help. And offer plenty of fluids to keep him hydrated; otherwise he may get headachy or even dizzy or weak, which will only make him more miserable.

You can give your child certain medications for motion sickness, but you'll want to know how they affect him before starting out on a trip. These medicines may cause drowsiness or dry mouth and nose (keep those fluids handy), but sometimes they have the opposite effect and cause irritability and hyperactivity. If you want to give one a try, ask your toddler's doctor for advice. Motion sickness patches are not for use on children under age 12, so don't cut one in half to deliver a smaller dose to your toddler

October 24, 2016

20 REASONS WHY FRIED FOODS ARE NOT GOOD FOR YOU!

Multiple studies have pointed to oil consumption, particularly saturated fat, as one of the key dietary contributors to chronic diseases including heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and hypertension, it’s not surprising Health Fitness Revolution recommends you cut out fried foods from your diets- here are MORE reasons why:
    
       -The vegetable oil used in fried foods are generally contaminated with pesticides. They are depleted of minerals and vitamins. Foods fried in this oil will simply attack your body’s ability to fight diseases, thereby weakening your immunity to diseases in the long run.
     -Most fried foods contain MSG (toxic salts) to enhance “dead food” flavor
    -Oil, which is what fried foods are cooked in, is full of fat.  Fat is high in calories.  Eating a lot of calories tends to lead to being overweight- which leads to issues like diabetes and heart diseases.
     -The nutritional value of fried food is poor. Proteins that are fried turn into acrolein a known carcinogen
    -Heating vegetable oil above 300 degrees Fahrenheit damages the oil, causing toxin formation in the foods.
    -Fried foods clog arteries and lead to strokes.
    -Studies have shown that eating fried foods can be a contributor to Alzheimer’s.
    -Fried foods lead to inflammation in the body which create problems with joints.
    -Modified, processed and fried foods don’t break down in body properly; remaining in kidneys, liver, intestines, prostate and colon for extended periods of time as toxins.
    -Fried food breading soaks up nearly every drop of the oil, so eating fried chicken and pan pizza is like drinking oil straight from the vat. This increases your low-density or “bad” cholesterol.
    -In restaurants, typically hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated vegetable oils are used – which is code for trans fat. Trans fat is a man-made fat that improves the shelf life of processed foods, but at the same time, raises your cholesterol and increases your risk of heart disease and stroke. If you forget everything else, remember this: Avoid hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oils.
     -All fats and oils have what’s called a “smoke point” – a temperature at which the chemical structure deteriorates and forms toxic compounds. This is when oils turn rancid; and eating foods fried in rancid oil causes increased oxidative stress on your body, leading to things like glucose intolerance, protein malfunction, hypertension and high cholesterol.
    -The vegetable oil in which the fried food is cooked is obtained from genetically modified vegetables. One of the top 5 genetically modified food used is ‘soy’. Soy is used in burger meat patties. GMO foods can cause digestive issues and some birth defects.
     -Fried foods are deep fried and are high in saturated fat- which will definitely increase the risk of heart diseases and can cause strokes.
     -Most of the fried fast food contains calories.  They are usually processed and have chemical additives. To increase the shelf life of the food, they are injected with chemical additives and are uncovered of nutrients. So, fried food does no good to us and doesn’t increase our life span.
     -It is found that most of the fried meat in restaurants are polluted or infected with growth hormones. Growth hormones are very famous in this field and are frequently used to increase the growth tempo of livestock. The people who ate fried meat are more vulnerable to certain cancer and infertility. Many people have developed these diseases according to research.
     -When oil is reused over and over again as it often is in fast food chains, the oil continues to breakdown every time it is heated. It’s not only the oil that undergoes a harmful change. Other nutrients can be altered by the heating process. An example of this is carbohydrates, which, when heated to very high temperatures, can actually release a certain type of carcinogen. This is another reason to keep in mind that fast food chains are not the place to find nutrition.
     -Some fried foods are sterilized with radiation or artificial chemicals. They generally use cheap sterilization methods. Because these methods are cheap, they are often unsafe for consumer’s well being.
    -For comparative measures, a large grilled chicken breast has about 105 calories– the same chicken breast fried comes in at a whopping 323 calories!

October 15, 2016

PSORIASIS IN CHILDREN!

What is psoriasis?

Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition that shows up in several forms. The two that appear most in children are:

Plaque psoriasis.

This is the most common type. If your baby has a raised, red lesion covered with a flaky, silvery-white scale, he may have it. Plaque can show up anywhere, although it most often appears on the elbows, knees, scalp, and lower back.

Guttate psoriasis.

This type of psoriasis is more common in children than in adults. It isn't as scaly or thick as plaque. Instead it appears as small, dot-like lesions, usually on the trunk and limbs.

There are mild cases of psoriasis, with only a few lesions; moderate cases, in which 3 to 10 percent of the body is covered; and severe cases, in which more than 10 percent — and sometimes the whole body — is covered.

Psoriasis isn't very common in babies. More likely possibilities at this age include a bad case of seborrheic dermatitisor cradle cap (if it's on your baby's scalp) or a bad diaper rash, if it's in his genital area

Ringworm can also produce red skin with a flaky scale. Eczema, which can be difficult to distinguish from psoriasis, is another possibility. Check with your baby's doctor for a diagnosis.

What causes psoriasis?

Most skin cells grow and shed every 28 to 30 days. If your baby has psoriasis, the skin cells in the affected area are maturing every three to four days instead. Those raised, scaly lesions are actually a buildup of skin. The redness is from extra blood being pumped to the area.

Nobody knows why the body decides to generate skin cells so rapidly, but the change is thought to be triggered by the immune system. There's a genetic factor, too — about a third of those with psoriasis have at least one family member with the condition. A child can develop psoriasis without a family history, though.

Childhood bouts of guttate psoriasis are sometimes triggered by an illness, like a cold or tonsillitis. Skin injuries — from scratching or rubbing, for example — and stress may make matters worse. (You may want to put little mittens or socks on your baby's hands if you see that he's scratching, especially during sleep.)

You can get psoriasis at any age, but it shows up most often between the ages of 15 and 35. One in ten psoriasis patients develops the condition during childhood, and 75 percent of patients show symptoms before the age of 40. The earlier psoriasis shows up, the more likely it is to recur and to be widespread.

Does psoriasis hurt?

It's uncomfortable and sometimes even painful. It can be itchy, and if it's bad enough, it can cause the skin to crack and bleed.

How can I tell whether it's psoriasis or eczema?

Psoriasis generally looks worse than eczema — it's more red and scaly, while eczema is generally pink and less scaly, although rougher in texture. Your baby's doctor can help you sort it out by examining your baby's skin and perhaps taking a small skin sample for examination under a microscope.

Is it contagious?

No. Psoriasis is a reaction of the immune system and not caused by a virus or bacteria, so it's not contagious. It doesn't even spread on your child's skin.

How can I treat this skin condition?

Start with a visit to your baby's doctor to discuss the best course of treatment. Because psoriasis is uncommon in babies and can look similar to other rashes, she'll want to confirm that the rash you're seeing is actually psoriasis. If it's especially severe or persistent, she may refer you to a dermatologist.

There are many different options for treating psoriasis, depending on the type of psoriasis, the location of the rash, and how severe it is. If it's fairly mild, the doctor can prescribe a topical medication that's safe and effective. And simple remedies — like adding oil to bathwater or using a good moisturizer on the skin can also help.

If your baby's psoriasis is more severe, it may need to be treated with light therapy or even oral medication. If itching is a problem, the doctor may also prescribe antihistamines, and if it looks like there's a bacterial infection (from scratching the rash, for example), she'll prescribe oral antibiotics.

Will my child always have psoriasis?

Psoriasis tends to be chronic and cyclical, flaring up and settling down, and even going into remission from time to time and then reappearing. In other words, the condition is unpredictable — there's no way to know when an outbreak will hit, how long it will last, or whether the condition might be gone for good. With help from a dermatologist, though, you can help your child through it.


October 10, 2016

LIST OF COMMON PAEDIATRIC EYE PROBLEMS!

Amblyopia:

Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is reduced vision in an eye that results from misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), a need for glasses (refractive error), or disruption of light passing through the eye (e.g. pediatric cataract). If recognized early (preschool years), amblyopia generally responds well to treatment. If recognized later (after 9-10 years of age), amblyopia is much more difficult to treat and the child may have permanent vision loss.

Signs and symptoms to watch for include : misaligned eyes, squinting one eye, bumping into objects or other signs of poor depth perception, head tilting, and double vision.

Amblyopia therapy can include: glasses, patching, eye drops, and sometimes surgery.

Astigmatism:

Astigmatism is a condition in which objects at both distance and near appear blurred. This results from uneven curvature of the cornea and/or lens which prevents light rays entering the eye from focusing to a single point on the retina, thereby causing blur. Astigmatism often occurs with myopia (nearsightedness) or hyperopia (farsightedness).

Cataract:

Any opacity or clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye.

Childhood Tearing

Epiphora is the term for excessive tearing. Childhood epiphora is often noted soon after birth, but can be acquired later. When noted during infancy, it is usually due to blockage of the tear drainage system. This type of tearing often improves spontaneously by 6-12 months of age.

Medical treatment includes:
tear sac massage and eyedrops, but if tearing persists, surgical probing of the drainage system may be required.

Other rare causes of childhood tearing include: pediatric glaucoma and ocular surface disease.

Cortical Visual Impairment: 

Cortical visual impairment (CVI) is vision loss due to any abnormality of the visual center in the brain. The eyes are normal, but the visual interpretation center in the brain does not function properly and prevents normal vision.

Developmental Abnormalities:

During development of the fetus, abnormalities in the visual system can occur. Some developmental abnormalities include coloboma, microphthalmia (small eye), and optic nerve hypoplasia. These abnormalities often result in vision loss.

Double Vision: 

Double vision (diplopia) is typically caused by misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), which causes one to see an object in two different places at the same time. The object can be displaced in a horizontal, vertical, or diagonal fashion. Double vision can result from many conditions and should be evaluated at the time of onset.

Treatment for double vision can include prism glasses, strabismus surgery, and Botox injection.

Genetic Eye Disease:

Many eye diseases have a known genetic abnormality. These diseases are often inherited and frequently there are other family members who have had the disease. In cases of known inherited eye disease in the family, early evaluation is important.

Glaucoma

A disease resulting in damage to the optic nerve.  Elevated eye pressure is the most common risk factor.

Hyperopia (farsightedness):

Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is a condition where a person can see distant objects more clearly than near objects. Typically the farsighted eye is smaller than normal. As a result, light rays do not focus properly on the retina at the back of the eye and causes blur. Hyperopia can be inherited. Infants and young children are typically somewhat farsighted, but this lessens as the eye grows. Some children can have higher amounts of hyperopia which can cause a constant blurry image in one or both eyes and prevent normal visual development (amblyopia). If not recognized early, this can result in permanent visual loss. Also, higher than normal amounts of hyperopia in children can cause inward crossing of the eyes (typically between 2 – 7 years of age) and treatment with eyeglasses can correct the eye misalignment (strabismus).

Myopia (nearsightedness): 

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a condition where a person can see near objects more clearly than distant objects. A myopic eye causes light from distant objects to be focused before they reach the retina and results in blurred vision for distant objects. Excessive myopia in children can result in lazy eye (amblyopia). Holding objects very close and squinting may indicate significant myopia.

Nystagmus: 

Nystagmus is an involuntary, rhythmic oscillation of the eyes. The eye movements can be side-to-side, up and down, or rotary. Nystagmus may be present at birth or acquired later in life. It may result from abnormal binocular fixation early in life. It also may accompany a number of eye disorders and neurological disorders.

Pediatric Cataract: 

A cataract is a cloudiness or opacification of the normally clear lens of the eye. Depending on the size and location, the cataract can interfere with light passing to the retina and cause blurred vision. Cataracts are typically associated with older adults, but cataracts can occur at birth or during childhood. Early detection and treatment of cataracts are critical in infants and young children in order to restore normal visual development. A white area in the pupil and misalignment of the eye can be a sign of cataract. Pediatric cataracts that significantly obstruct vision require surgery. Patients subsequently require treatment with eyeglasses, bifocals, or contact lenses, and eye-patching. Often, pediatric cataracts result in some degree of lazy eye (amblyopia).

Pediatric Glaucoma: 

Glaucoma is a condition that is associated with high pressure within the eye. This pressure can damage the optic nerve, which is critical for vision, resulting in permanent vision loss. Pediatric glaucoma is a rare condition that can present in the newborn or during childhood. Signs and symptoms of pediatric glaucoma include cloudy cornea, tearing, frequent blinking, light sensitivity, and redness of the eye.

Pediatric Ptosis (drooping eyelid):

Ptosis, or drooping of the upper eyelid, occurs in both children and adults. Children can be born with ptosis (congenital) or acquire it during childhood. It is caused by weakness in the muscle that elevates the eyelid. A droopy eyelid can block light passing to the retina in the back of the eye and/or create significant astigmatism that produces a blurry image in the affected eye. These situations cause lazy eye (amblyopia) and, if untreated, can result in permanent loss of vision.

Also, children may develop a chin-up head position due to the droopy eyelid. If the ptosis is significant, surgical correction may be necessary.

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP): 

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an eye disease that occurs in some premature infants. It results from abnormal development of the blood vessels in the retina. ROP is progessive, starting with mild changes and sometimes progressing to severe, sight threatening changes. Most infants with ROP improve spontaneously, but some develop severe changes that require treatment with a laser. Complications of ROP can include strabismus (eye misalignment), myopia (nearsightedness), cataract, and, in severe cases, blindness from retinal detachment. Premature infants at risk of ROP are identified in the hospital and enrolled in a routine screening protocol.

Strabismus

Strabismus is the term for misalignment of the eyes. An eye may be turned inward (esotropia), outward (exotropia), upward (hypertropia), or downward (hypotropia). The misalignment may be constant or intermittent. Strabismus can occur in the newborn, during childhood, or in adulthood. Strabismus in children can result in lazy eye (amblyopia) and cause permanent loss of vision if treatment is delayed. Adults often experience double vision (diplopia). Depending on the type and cause of the strabismus, treatment may include eyeglasses, prisms, surgery, Botox injection, and eye-patching therapy.

October 7, 2016

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF LIVER INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN!

Your child has been diagnosed with a liver problem. This sheet describes some of the common signs and symptoms your child may experience. Some mean your child should go to the emergency room. Others are not as serious, but you should still tell your child’s doctor the first time you notice them.

Signs of an Emergency

If your child has any of these, go to the emergency room or call your doctor RIGHT AWAY:

    -Mental status changes can include confusion, delirium, coma, and extreme sleepiness. These changes are due to a buildup of toxins that would normally be processed by the liver. They are signs that the liver isn’t working the way it’s supposed to.

    -Vomiting blood is a sign of bleeding in the upper GI (gastrointestinal) tract.

    -Bloody stool is a sign of bleeding in the GI tract. Blood in stool may be black and tarry, maroon colored, or bright red.

Signs of a Problem

The following may not be an emergency, but you should still alert your child’s doctor or clinic as soon as possible.

    -Jaundice occurs due to a buildup of bilirubin, a yellow substance made when the body breaks down red blood cells. The liver collects bilirubin to be sent out of the body with stool. When something is wrong with the liver or bile ducts, bilirubin may build up in the body. Signs of jaundice include yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes, dark urine, or light-colored stool.

    -Abdominal pain can be a sign of a liver infection or inflammation.

    -Fever. Call the doctor at the first sign of fever. You will be asked questions to figure out whether the fever is due to a liver problem or something else.

        In an infant under 3 months old, a rectal temperature of 100.4°F (39.0°C) or higher

        In a child of any age who repeatedly has a temperature of 104°F (40°C) or higher

        -A fever that lasts more than 24-hours in a child under 2 years old, or for 3 days in a child 2 years or older

        -A seizure caused by the fever

    -Swelling in the abdomen can be due to an enlarged liver or spleen. It can also be due to ascites (fluid in the abdomen). This can be caused by infection or abnormally high pressure in the blood vessels feeding the liver.

Signs of Chronic Liver Disease

The following often occur in children with chronic (ongoing) liver disease. These signs are not urgent, and can often be treated during your child’s regular doctor or clinic visits.

    -Bone fractures can occur more easily when a child has liver disease. This is because liver disease can lead to a decrease in bone density (thickness of bones). Of course, if your child breaks a bone, he or she needs medical care right away. But the fracture does not need to be reported to the child’s liver doctor until the next visit.

    -Itchy skin can occur due to a buildup of bile in the body.

    -Loss of appetite can occur due to liver disease. It may lead to malnutrition (the body not getting enough of the nutrients it needs).

    -Pale stools can be a sign that the liver is not making or releasing bilirubin, which normally colors the stools. Pale stools can also be due to liver infection or inflammation. Pale stools are also called acholic stools.

    -Easy bleeding and bruising may happen due to a lack of vitamin K or if the liver can’t use the vitamin K it receives.

    -Malnutrition may occur because the liver isn’t processing nutrients. A child with liver disease may have:

        -Poor growth because the diseased liver can’t absorb fat normally.

        -Rickets, a disease that causes low bone density (not enough tissue in the bone). Liver disease is a cause of rickets. Signs of rickets include weakness in infants, or, in older children, being bowlegged or having ribs that feel very bumpy where they meet the sternum or breastbone.

        -Weight loss because the liver can’t help the body use fat normally.

October 2, 2016

ALCOHOL: A DANGEROUS POISON FOR CHILDREN!

Alcohol can be a dangerous poison for children/babies. Alcohol depresses the central nervous system and causes low blood glucose (sugar). Children who drink alcohol can have seizures and coma; they could even die. This is true of beverage alcohol (beer, wine, liquor) and alcohol found in mouthwash and other personal care products.

Why is alcohol so dangerous for children?

A four-year-old was found unconscious in bed, with an open bottle of rum beside her. She was taken to the emergency room right away. Even so, she died a few hours later.  What happened?

-Low blood sugar is a dangerous effect in children who drink alcohol. (This doesn't usually happen to healthy adults who drink alcohol.) Low blood sugar can cause seizures and coma, because the brain doesn't get enough glucose. If blood sugar drops too low, it can be fatal.

Alcohol affects the central nervous system. Children who drink alcohol can act drunk, just like adults do. They might stagger when they walk, speak without making sense, or seem sleepy. They might vomit because alcohol can irritate the stomach. Breathing and heart rate might slow down to a dangerous level. Blood pressure drops. These children can pass out and even die.

Too much alcohol is bad for anyone. But for young children, it causes problems that most people don't expect. This is true for alcohol from any source, but the most likely source is beverage alcohol. That means ethanol, found in beer, wine, hard liquor, and other alcoholic drinks.

The amount of alcohol poisonous to children varies. Different beverages contain different amounts of alcohol. A child's age and weight make a difference, too. Alcohol is absorbed quickly from the stomach into the bloodstream. The bottom line: small amounts of alcohol can harm children, much smaller than the amounts that adults can tolerate.

Ethanol is found in products other than beverage alcohol, including mouthwash, some facial cleansers, hair products, and hand sanitizer. Again, the amount that is poisonous to children varies. But no matter the source, the problems are the same: too much alcohol compared to a child’s body weight can cause poisoning.

-Lock up your alcoholic beverages.
-Empty out beer cans, wine glasses, and drinks glasses before children can get to them.
-Store your mouthwash and alcohol-containing cosmetics and cleansers out of sight and reach.

If a child swallows alcohol, remove the container and rush him/her to the hospital immediately to get checked by the doctor.