July 23, 2016


What's in your medicine cabinet? it's likely to contain at least one type of over-the-counter pain drug such as aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen. And while you may not think twice about taking them when you have a headache,menstrual cramps or back trouble, there are some risks associated with pain relievers you may not be aware of.

The most commonly used types of over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) — ibuprofen (Advil), and naproxen (Aleve) — and acetaminophen (Tylenol), also sold under other brand names.

In most cases and when taken properly for pain, these drugs are very safe. That's why they're sold over-the-counter in the first place. But there are some situations where you can put yourself at risk by using these pain drugs improperly.

Acetaminophen and Risk of Liver Damage

One of the most well-known risks of painkillers is liver damage from acetaminophen. "Although [acetaminophen] has been used for years and overall is extremely safe, liver toxicity can occur with use of more than 4,000 milligrams in a day," "This would be eight 500-milligram pills, which is the dosage of extra-strength Tylenol. Liver damage or failure may also occur at lower doses in those who drink alcohol regularly or who have pre-existing liver disease, such as hepatitis C."

Because acetaminophen is often incorporated into other drugs, you may not be aware of exactly how much you're taking, which further compounds your risk. "It's also included in multiple other remedies for colds or sinus symptoms and is commonly paired with other stronger painkillers in medications such as Vicodin and Percocet,"."If an individual is not aware of this fact, he may unintentionally expose himself to amounts of acetaminophen in the danger zone."

NSAIDs and Ulcers

Taking ibuprofen and naproxen doesn't pose as great a risk to liver function as acetaminophen. However, some damage to the stomach lining is a possibility, which can lead to blood loss from the irritated area, stomach pains (gastritis), and even ulcers. This is also true of aspirin, which is related to NSAIDs and has many of the same properties. And if you use aspirin along with ibuprofen or naproxen, the risk to your stomach is even greater.

"Any of these pain drugs alone can cause ulcers, and using them together only increases the risk,"All three of these medications reduce pain through their effects on the prostaglandin pathways." Unfortunately, those same effects are what lead to an increased risk of gastritis and ulcer formation.

NSAIDs and Kidney Function

Though it's rare, some people could risk kidney problems from using ibuprofen or naproxen. "A less common but severe complication related to these medications is kidney failure, which occurs more commonly in patients who have co-existing risk factors, such as diabetes or high blood pressure,"

NSAIDs and Miscarriage

Women taking NSAIDs during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy are more than twice as likely to have a miscarriage. These drugs may interfere with levels of prostaglandins, hormones that are important in inducing labor. If you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy and want to take any medication, including painkillers, be sure to discuss it with your doctor first.

NSAIDs and Antidepressants

Taking NSAIDs may reduce the effectiveness of the antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs. "More research will need to be done to further confirm these findings before a blanket recommendation can be made," "Frequently in these situations, a conclusion is jumped to, and unintended consequences may occur. For example, follow-up studies may reveal that the extra pain endured secondary to stopping the use of NSAIDs may also lead to a lower success rate of depression treatment."

Painkillers and Blood Thinners

Ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin have a mild blood-thinning effect. This isn't a problem for most people, but for those already on blood-thinning medications, it can be an issue. "In patients on blood thinners such as Coumadin or Plavix to prevent clots, these medications [NSAIDS and aspirin] can lead to the unintentional over-thinning of the blood and excessive risks of bleeding," "Additionally, these NSAIDs have been shown to raise blood pressure. In most cases the increase is small, but it can be variable."

What Your Doctor Needs to Know

One thing that is clear when it comes to chronic pain and the pain drugs you take for it: It's important to talk to your doctor about the risks involved if you are using them frequently. "Obviously, OTC medications are safe enough that it has been deemed that a doctor's prescription is no longer necessary for their use,""However, that does not mean they are risk-free."

To stay safe, be sure to inform your doctor about OTC painkiller use if:

    -You are taking these drugs daily and for an extended period of time
    -You are taking prescription medications, especially painkillers
    -You are pregnant or planning to become pregnant
    -You have another chronic condition such as high blood pressure, kidney disease, diabetes, or coronary artery disease.

July 20, 2016


It's never too early to start poison-proofing your house – even before your baby is born. You'd be surprised how fast a baby can learn to get into cupboards and open child-resistant caps.

  -Lock up all medicines and dangerous substances. Secure all cupboards that contain poisons – even those that seem out of reach – with safety latches or locks. Put away medicines and vitamins after you use them.

Poison experts have heard how many young children have dragged a chair over to a kitchen counter, climbed onto the counter or refrigerator, and opened a cupboard near the ceiling. Your child may be able to do something like this before you know it.

    -Get rid of expired medications. In general, it's not a good idea to flush expired medicine down the toilet because it can contaminate groundwater and end up in the drinking water supply. However, a few drugs are so potentially dangerous to children. Although Experts recommend flushing them rather than leaving them in the trash.

Read the label of the medicine to find out whether it should be flushed or tossed. You can also check with your pharmacy or local waste management company to find out how to dispose of it properly. Some communities have programs for taking back expired medication.

If you have to put medicine in the trash, first remove any personal information from the empty containers and then place them in a sealed trash bag with kitty litter or coffee grounds as a deterrent.

      -Don't rely on child-resistant containers. Child-resistant doesn't mean childproof. The cap is intended to delay a child who is trying to open a container long enough for an adult to discover what's going on and intervene. Remember: No bottle top is ever so secure that a child can't find some way to get it off.

"It's not unusual for a 2-year-old, left alone for 30 minutes, to break down the best devices of the manufacturer," says a pediatrician.

      -Keep medicines, pesticides, and detergents in their original containers. Never put poisonous or toxic products in unlabeled containers or containers that were once used for food. There have been too many cases of poisonings when a toxic liquid like antifreeze was mistaken for apple juice.

       -Move purses, luggage, and grocery bags away from prying hands. A tube of brightly hued lipstick or a bottle of coated pills can look like candy to a young child. Store your purse on a high shelf, and unpack anything potentially dangerous from your grocery bag before you do anything else.

       -Keep batteries out of reach. Don't let children play with batteries or electronic devices, such as remote controls. Button batteries can get stuck in a child's throat or intestines and release dangerous chemicals, causing severe injuries or even death.

   -Never refer to medicine as candy. Even if you're trying to get a reluctant child to take flavored acetaminophen or antibiotic syrup, don't make your child think it's a treat.

     -Children learn by imitation, so take medicine when your baby isn't watching. To be safe, teach your child never to eat anything without asking an adult first.

    -Read labels before buying household products, and use the least toxic ones you can find. Among the household products generally considered less hazardous are nonchlorine bleach, vinegar, borax, and beeswax. Unclog drains with compressed air or baking soda and vinegar instead of corrosive liquids.

     -Always keep an eye on your child. Even the most thorough childproofing is no substitute for supervision. Be extra vigilant when you have guests or visit a friend's or relative's house, especially if it hasn't been childproofed.

      -Prevent carbon monoxide and lead poisoning

Install carbon monoxide alarms throughout your home. Carbon monoxide gas is colorless, odorless, and tasteless. Every year, thousands of people are poisoned by carbon monoxide that leaks from stoves, space heaters, ovens, gas vents, furnaces, and fireplaces.

Make sure all your gas appliances are in safe working order, and install a carbon monoxide alarm outside every sleeping area and on every floor of your home.

Beware of lead contamination. If your house was built before 1978, has old pipes, or is located near a highway, your child is at higher risk of being exposed to lead. Consider having your home tested for lead contamination.

July 11, 2016


What is hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn?
Hyperbilirubinemia happens when there is too much bilirubin in your baby’s blood.
Bilirubin is made by the breakdown of red blood cells. It’s hard for babies to get rid of bilirubin. It can build up in their blood, tissues, and fluids.
Bilirubin has a color. It makes a baby’s skin, eyes, and other tissues to turn yellow (jaundice). Jaundice may first appear when your baby is born. Or it may also show up any time after birth.

July 8, 2016


Experts once advised parents to clean the cord with rubbing alcohol at every diaper change, but now the recommendation is to clean it several times a day and keep it dry.
Get Prepared
Gather all of the items you'll need before you start the cleaning process (remember, never leave your baby unattended on an elevated surface or near water). To keep the cord from getting wet, babies can have only sponge baths before the cord falls off (usually within two weeks of birth), so get a large absorbent towel to lay your baby on, a sponge or soft towels, cotton swabs, a small bowl of water, and baby soap or cleanser (if required), and keep clean clothes and a diaper nearby.

July 5, 2016

Signs To Know Your Baby Is Actually A Genius

Although most new parents feel that their baby is gifted, you need to understand that a genius child is a very rare occurrence. However, if you’re fortunate and your baby is one of those individuals with extraordinary skills and unimaginable intelligence, he will begin to show some signs early in life, especially infancy.
It will be best if you try to identify these signs early and develop your child’s skills. But you need to understand that every child is different and develops talents and skills in his own time. You don’t need to pressurize your child just because you’ve noticed some signs. Here are 7 signs indicating your baby is a genius.

1. Meets Milestones Early


As a new mother are you looking for ways to keep the nose of your baby clean? It is natural to get worried about being able to clean the tiny nose of your baby. You of course would want to do it right the first time and not hurt the little one.
Cleaning Baby’s Nose:

July 4, 2016


When should I start brushing my baby's teeth?
Start cleaning your baby's teeth twice a day as soon as you see his first little tooth bud emerging. If you start early, your baby will get used to having his teeth cleaned.
Your baby's first tooth will most likely be a bottom front one, appearing when he's about six months old. However, the time a baby's first tooth appears can vary hugely. A few babies are born with a tooth through already! Others still have no teeth by the time they're one.

July 2, 2016


Groundbreaking new parenting research shows that a strong emotional attachment between a mother and her baby may help prevent diseases, boost immunity, and enhance a child's IQ
You take your baby to the pediatrician for her regular check-ups, vaccines, and at the first sign of a fever. You keep her away from runny-nose friends and steer clear of the sun. You babyproof your home and gently bandage her boo-boos. All to make sure your child grows up healthy and strong. But compelling new research is showing that the strength of your emotional bond with your baby may well trump all of those other measures you take to help her thrive.