November 28, 2015

URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN BABIES!

What's a urinary tract infection?
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection that can affect any part of the urinary tract. This includes the kidneys, which make urine; the ureters, tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder; the bladder, which stores urine until the body is ready to empty it; and the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.
Normally urine travels this path without a hitch, but if bacteria get in the urine – from the skin around the genitals or rectum or via the bloodstream – they can create infection and inflammation at any point along the way
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About 8 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys will have at least one urinary tract infection during childhood. Before the age of 1 year, though, UTIs are more common in boys than girls.
Call your baby's doctor if you suspect something's wrong. Urinary tract infections are usually easy to treat, but if left untreated they can cause permanent kidney damage and even kidney failure. Doctors say children under age 2 are more likely than older children to suffer serious damage, so it's important to catch and treat a baby's UTI as soon as possible.
What symptoms could indicate a UTI?
For many babies, an unexplained fever is the only symptom. About 5 percent of babies who have a fever without other symptoms have a UTI. The lack of other signs is why so many UTIs in infants go undetected.
In some cases, a baby may show other symptoms – with or without a fever – including:
-Crying or another indication that urination is painful.
-Odd-smelling urine

-Cloudy or bloody urine
-Unexplained, persistent irritability
   
-Vomiting
   
-Refusal to eat
   
-Diarrhea
Is there any way to prevent infections?
Some children may just be prone to UTIs, but here are a few things you can do to minimize your baby's risk of infection:
-Be sure your baby gets plenty of fluids. Drinking more will make your baby urinate more frequently, flushing out the urinary tract. Fluids also help prevent constipation, which would make a UTI more likely.
-If your baby has started solids, offer plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, which also help prevent constipation.
   
-If you're breastfeeding, continue until your baby is at least 7 months old, if possible. Studies have shown that nursing for this long may protect against UTIs – and that the benefit persists, even after weaning, for up to two years.
   
-If your baby is a girl, avoid harsh soaps and bubble baths (which can irritate her genitals). And wipe from front to back when you change her diaper, to minimize the bacteria in the area.
Does being uncircumcised affect my infant's risk of UTIs?
Studies show that circumcision does offer some protection against UTIs, though experts haven't nailed down exactly why. Still, most uncircumcised infants do not develop UTIs. In fact, one large review study concluded that 111 circumcisions would be needed to prevent one UTI.

1 comment:

Unknown said...

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