November 19, 2015


Why are so many vaccines recommended for babies?
No parent enjoys seeing their baby getting shots or taking medicine. But vaccines are designed to provide protection against serious diseases and many people consider them the most important part of well-baby checkups. Some of those diseases (such as polio and diphtheria) were much more common a hundred years ago, but are rarely seen now, thanks to immunization programs
How do they work?
Vaccines contain weakened or killed versions of the virus or bacteria that causes a disease. After a baby receives the vaccine, his or her immune system creates antibodies to the virus or bacteria that will protect against the disease if he or she is exposed.
What's the vaccine schedule?
Immunizations given in the first year include the following:
• DTaP: Protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough). Five doses: at 2, 4, and 6 months, between 15 and 18 months, and between 4 and 6 years.
• HBV (hepatitis B): Protects against the hepatitis B virus, which attacks the liver. Three doses: at birth, between 1 and 2 months, and between 6 and 18 months.
• Hib (Haemophilus influenza type B): Protects against meningitis, pneumonia, and epiglottitis. Four doses: at 2, 4, and 6 months, and between 12 and 15 months.
• Influenza: Protects against the flu virus, which can cause severe respiratory infections and pneumonia. A yearly dose is recommended for babies 6 months and up during flu season.
• PCV (pneumococcal): Protects against pneumococcal disease, which can lead to meningitis, pneumonia, and ear infections. Four doses: at 2, 4, and 6 months, and between 12 and 15 months.
• Polio (IPV or inactivated polio virus): Protects against polio, which can cause paralysis and death. Four doses: at 2 and 4 months, between 6 and 18 months, and between 4 and 6 years.
• Rotavirus vaccine: Protects against rotavirus, which causes severe diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and dehydration. Unlike the other vaccines, the rotavirus vaccine is a liquid given by mouth. Three doses: at 2, 4, and 6 months.
Vaccines recommended for babies after age 1 include:
-varicella (for chicken pox),
-MMR (for measles, mumps, and rubella), and --hepatitis A.

1 comment:

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