November 30, 2015

7 PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS TO WATCH OUT FOR!

Most pregnancies are uncomplicated. That said, it's helpful to know which serious medical issues are most likely to affect expecting moms. Here's a quick guide to the seven most common pregnancy complications.
Your doctor or midwife will watch for these pregnancy complications (and others) throughout your pregnancy, using physical exams, lab tests, and ultrasounds. Meanwhile, you can help your caregiver by attending all your prenatal appointments and reporting any troubling symptoms

November 29, 2015

BAD BREATHE IN YOUR CHILD!

What could be causing my child's bad breath?
Healthy children (and adults, too) sometimes have bad breath, or halitosis. The most likely culprits:
    -A dry mouth. If your child is breathing through his mouth – because he has a stuffy nose, for example – then the bacteria in his mouth are more likely to grow undisturbed

GINGIVOSTOMATISIS IN BABIES!

What is gingivostomatitis?
Gingivostomatitis is the long name for a condition that results in a very sore mouth. It's caused by a viral infection and is common in children. The symptoms can be mild or severe. While it can be disconcerting to see sores in your baby's mouth — and to know that he/she hurts — usually there's no cause for worry.
Most people carry around the viruses that can cause the condition. In fact, your baby's bout of gingivostomatitis may be his/her initial infection with the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), which most people pick up in early childhood and carry for the rest of their lives. The initial infection usually goes unnoticed, but if it does make itself known, it does so in the form of gingivostomatitis. (HSV-1 can cause cold sores, too.)
Gingivostomatitis can also be caused by a coxsackie virus, the culprit in hand, foot and mouth disease and herpangina

November 28, 2015

URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN BABIES!

What's a urinary tract infection?
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection that can affect any part of the urinary tract. This includes the kidneys, which make urine; the ureters, tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder; the bladder, which stores urine until the body is ready to empty it; and the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.
Normally urine travels this path without a hitch, but if bacteria get in the urine – from the skin around the genitals or rectum or via the bloodstream – they can create infection and inflammation at any point along the way

November 27, 2015

TEMPER TANTRUMS IN YOUR CHILD!

Why your child has temper tantrums
A temper tantrum is the emotional equivalent of a summer storm – sudden and sometimes fierce. One minute you and your child are in a restaurant enjoying your dinner, the next minute she's whimpering, whining, and then screaming at the top of her lungs because her straw is bent. Children between the ages of 1 and 3 are especially prone to tantrums.
Though you may worry that you're raising a tyrant, take heart – at this age, it's unlikely that your child is throwing a fit to be manipulative. More likely, she's having a meltdown in response to frustration

DEALING WITH LEG CRAMPS DURING PREGNANCY!

Waking up in the middle of the night with excruciating cramps in your calf?
It's possible that your leg muscles are tired from carrying around all of your extra weight. Or they may be aggravated by the pressure your expanding uterus puts on the blood vessels that return blood from your legs to your heart and the nerves that lead from your trunk to your legs

November 26, 2015

YOUR BABY & SPITTING

Why does my baby spit up so much?
Your baby is probably just getting the hang of feeding. And he or she isn't alone: About 40 percent of young babies spit up regularly. The peak age for spitting up is 4 months.
This happens when your baby takes in air along with breast milk or formula. The air has to come up, and when it does, so does some of what your baby just drank.
Babies take in a lot of nourishment in relation to their size, and some of them really like to eat, so sometimes they become overfilled and, well, overflow.
A newborn's digestive system isn't fully developed, either. The muscles at the bottom of your baby's esophagus, which control whether food is coming or going, may still be getting up to speed. It's no wonder your baby creates so much laundry

November 25, 2015

CONSTIPATION DURING PREGNANCY!

For many women, one of the unfortunate side effects of pregnancy is constipation.
The cause?
Hormonal changes combined with pressure on your digestive tract from your growing uterus.
The hormone progesterone relaxes the bowel muscles, which slows down your entire digestive system. The longer food stays in your system, the more water your body absorbs from it, which leads to harder stools

November 24, 2015

VAGINAL DISCHARGE! FEW THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW! -By Dr Maduka

FEW THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT VAGINAL DISCHARGES:

1. If it does not smell bad, it is probably normal (physiological). It's natural for a woman to have some vaginal discharges. Normal discharge smells like onions.

2. If it smells pretty bad (foul discharge), then it's highly likely you have an infection and needs investigation and treatment by a qualified doctor.

3 If it itches/scratches you have an infection as well usually Thrush (Candidiasis) or Trichomoniasis (Oko junction).

4. If thrush is persistent and difficult to treat, you may have diabetes Mellitus.

5. Foreign body in the vagina such as forgotten tampon in adult females or beads in female children cause foul smelling vaginal discharge. The foreign bodies should be removed immediately or as soon as possible as the can lead to septic shock (toxic shock syndrome) and kill.

6. Bacterial vaginosis causes fishy smelling vaginal discharge. Easy to treat with flagyl.

7. Gonorrhoea which is sexually transmitted and can block the Fallopian tubes also leads to vaginal disease.

8. Finally, vaginal discharges rarely resemble their classical description. Therefore, if you have an unusual abnormal discharge, please see a qualified doctor.

HOW MANY NAPS DOES YOUR BABY NEED?

Sleep is vital for babies and young children, whose brains and bodies are developing at an extraordinary rate – but nighttime rest isn't enough. Regular naps help them get the sleep they need.
Do your best to encourage your baby to nap consistently. But keep in mind that your baby's temperament and natural bodily rhythms will help determine how and when he or she naps. Some babies nap for long stretches every day right from the start and settle easily into a pattern. Others do just fine taking shorter naps or napping at less regular times

November 23, 2015

TOP 10 SIGNS OF PREGNANCY!

Early signs of pregnancy
Could you be pregnant? Some symptoms may show up about the time you've missed a period – or a week or two later. In fact, 7 out of 10 women have symptoms by the time they're six weeks pregnant.
If you're not keeping track of your menstrual cycle or if it varies widely from one month to the next, you may not be sure when to expect your period. But if you start to experience some of the symptoms below – not all women get them all – and you're wondering why you haven't gotten your period, you may very well be pregnant. Take a home pregnancy test to find out for sure

HIGHCHAIR SAFETY!

Falling from a highchair is one of the most common accidents that babies and small children have, so you need to be careful when you buy one and use it at home

November 21, 2015

RINGWORM IN BABIES!

What is ringworm?
Ringworm — which has nothing at all to do with worms — is a contagious fungal infection of the skin. It can be itchy and unpleasant, but it's not painful or dangerous. When the fungus affects the scalp, the condition is called tinea capitis, and when it affects the body it's called tinea corporis.
By the way, athlete's foot is tinea pedis, and jock itch is tinea cruris — all are caused by fungi.) Ringworm shows up most commonly in children over the age of 2, but it's possible for babies and adults to get it too

BABY ACNE!

My baby has pimples on his chin. Could it be baby acne?
Yes, it could. Baby acne is very common. Acne can be present at birth, but more often it shows up after a couple of weeks.
Baby acne looks similar to teenage acne

November 19, 2015

QUESTIONS ABOUT VACCINES!!!

Why are so many vaccines recommended for babies?
No parent enjoys seeing their baby getting shots or taking medicine. But vaccines are designed to provide protection against serious diseases and many people consider them the most important part of well-baby checkups. Some of those diseases (such as polio and diphtheria) were much more common a hundred years ago, but are rarely seen now, thanks to immunization programs

November 17, 2015

ALLERGIES IN BABIES! -pt 2

How can I protect my child from allergens?
Here are the best ways to reduce your child's exposure to the most common allergens:
Dust mites
Dust mites live in fabrics and carpets and are common in every room of the house. But children are usually exposed to the most dust mites in the bedroom, where mattresses and pillows are veritable dust-mite condominiums

ALLERGIES IN BABIES!

What is an allergy?

An allergy is an immune reaction to a substance in the environment called an allergen.

When a child with allergies comes into contact with an allergen – either by touching it, breathing it, eating it, or having it injected – his/her body mistakenly views it as a dangerous invader and releases histamines and other chemicals to fight it off.

These chemicals irritate the body and cause symptoms such as a runny nose, sneezing, itching, and coughing. Symptoms can be mild or more severe, intermittent (seasonal, for example), or ongoing because of constant exposure to the allergen.

In some cases, an allergen can cause a severe reaction, called anaphylactic shock. This is a medical emergency, as the symptoms – including difficulty breathing and swelling – can be life threatening.

What are examples of allergens?

Possible allergens include food, drugs, insects, animal dander, dust mites, mold, and pollen. Allergens can cause respiratory symptoms, as in nasal allergies or allergic rhinitis, skin symptoms like eczema, or intestinal problems – from food allergies, for example.

Babies and toddlers are unlikely to have hay fever. Seasonal allergies to things such as pollen and grass usually don't rear their ugly (and stuffy) head until a child is about 3 to 4 years old. That's because the exposure to each type of pollen is for only a few weeks each year.

What causes nasal allergies?

These are the most likely culprits:

Dust mites: microscopic organisms that thrive on human skin flakes. Nearly 85 percent of allergy sufferers are allergic to dust mites.

Animal dander: those white, flaky specks made up of skin and hair shed by cats, dogs, and other furry animals.

Pollen: particularly from trees, grasses, and weeds.

Mold: Fungi found in wet, damp places such as bathrooms and basements or outdoors in humid climates.

Some children are allergic to down and feather pillows or wool blankets. And while most experts don't think children can be allergic to tobacco smoke, it can certainly make their allergic symptoms worse.

10 signs that your child has allergies, not a cold

Because the symptoms of nasal allergies are much like cold symptoms – runny nose, watery eyes, cough, nasal congestion, sneezing – it can be tough to tell the difference. There are some telltale signs of allergies, though.

Ask yourself the following questions:

-Does it seem like your child always has a cold? Colds usually wind down in a week to 10 days; allergies don't.

-Is your child's nose continually stuffy or running?

-Is your child constantly wiggling, wiping, or pushing his/her nose up in what doctors call the allergic salute?

-Is the mucus that drains from his/her nose clear and thin (as opposed to yellow or greenish and thick)?

-Does he/she seem to sneeze a lot?

-Are his/her eyes itchy, red, and watery?

-Does the skin under his/her eyes look dark or purple or blue – what doctors call allergic shiners?

-Does he/she breathe through his/her mouth?

-Does he/she have a persistent dry cough?

-Is his/her skin irritated or broken out in an itchy red rash?

If you answered yes to one or more of these questions, there's a good chance your child is allergic to something in her environment. Kids with nasal allergies are also more prone to ear infections, asthma, and sinus infections.

MORE QUESTIONS ON ANEMIA IN BABIES!

Can I prevent my baby from becoming anemic?
You can prevent your baby from developing iron deficiency anemia. Here's how:
If your baby was born prematurely or at a low birth weight, talk with his/her doctor about iron supplements. Until

November 16, 2015

IRON-DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN BABIES!

What is anemia, and what causes it?
People become anemic when red blood cells don't carry enough oxygen to the tissues in their body. Various conditions can cause anemia, including an inherited illness called sickle cell anemia, but iron deficiency is the most common cause.
The human body needs iron to make hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying red pigment in blood. If your baby doesn't get enough iron, he/she will have fewer red blood cells – and the ones he/she has will be smaller, so his/her body tissues will receive less oxygen than they should

WARNING SIGNS OF PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY!!!

Children develop at different rates, but most follow a general timeline (though preemies may be off schedule by a few weeks or months). If your child doesn't seem to be meeting milestones within several weeks of the average, ask his/her doctor about it. It may be nothing, but if your child does have a delay, you'll want to catch it early so you can get a diagnosis and begin treatment.
As a general rule, trust your instincts. If something seems odd or wrong to you about the way your baby moves, ask about it. After all, you know your child best. The following are possible warning signs of a problem

November 15, 2015

PREVENTING DIAPER RASH

What does diaper rash look like?
Diaper rash doesn't always look the same. But if your baby's diaper area looks irritated and red, chances are he or she has it. Your baby's skin may also be a little puffy and warm when you touch it.
Diaper rash may be very mild – a few prickly red spots in a small area – or quite extensive, with tender red bumps that spread to your baby's tummy and thighs. There's no need to panic, though: Dealing with diaper rash is part and parcel of baby care, especially in the first year or so of your baby's life

QUESTIONS ABOUT REFLUX!

What is reflux?
Reflux is when food and acid move from the stomach back into the esophagus.
It's normal for all babies to have some reflux – they'll spit up or regurgitate a little milk after some feedings. It's estimated that up to 50 percent of babies spit up daily. Most of these episodes are brief and don't cause symptoms.
However

November 14, 2015

MEDICINES YOU SHOULD NEVER GIVE YOUR BABY!

Consult a doctor before giving your baby any medication, especially the first time. Babies are much more likely than adults to have adverse drug reactions, so giving your child prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) medication – even "herbal" medicines – is serious business.
Should your baby throw up or develop a rash after taking medication, call her doctor. Sometimes parents or caregivers find medicine near their babies and it's hard to tell whether or not it's been eaten. Even if you're unsure, call for help

November 13, 2015

READING TO YOUR BABY!

When should I start reading to my baby?
It's never too early. Babies recognize their mother's voice in the womb — so why not make reading aloud a habit while you're still pregnant?
And once your baby arrives, reading to your newborn is a must. Your baby won't understand your words, but hearing your voice stimulates an interest in sounds and helps him/her develop listening skills

RAISING A SMART, CURIOUS CHILD!

Sure, your baby is too tiny for school, but he or she is already an eager learner. Here are four important steps you can take to encourage your baby's development:
Expose your baby to different environments, activities, and people. 

November 12, 2015

FATHERHOOD: KAMSIFIED BEST DADS!!!

Any man can get a woman pregnant. It takes a real man to be a FATHER! A real father should be able to Know how to bathe his baby, feed his baby (whether extracted breastmilk from mum, or formulae or cereals), change the diapers, sing lullabies for him/her to sleep,etc. We call them kamsified best dads!!!
Here goes our 1st KAMSIFIED BEST DAD!!!

FATHERHOOD!!!

In the world today, most men feel/believe their duties end in the bedroom (getting the woman pregnant). Every other thing concerning the baby and nursing is upto their patner. Very wrong.
Apart from breastfeeding, every

WHEN IS IT SAFE TO GIVE WATER TO YOUR NEW BORN?

In general, it's not a good idea to give your baby water until he or she is about 6 months old. Until then, your baby will get all the hydration he or she needs from breast milk or formula, even in hot weather.
Giving a baby younger than 6 months old

November 11, 2015

NEW MUM'S GUIDE ON HOW TO BREASTFEED!

As a new mum, you need to breastfeed your baby on the regular. Whenever he/she cries for it. It doesn't matter if you just finished feeding him/her few minutes ago. Do it again. Brush up on the basics and make nursing go a whole lot smoother

November 10, 2015

EAR PROBLEMS IN BABIES!

You suspect baby’s got an earache or some other ear issue, but how do you know if it’s an ear infection? Here are some tips..
What is considered an ear problem for a baby?
Babies often broadcast an ear problem by crying when they lie down; toddlers frequently complain by pulling on or holding one ear. Or you may simply spot some smelly discharge coming from the ear itself.
What could be causing my baby’s ear problem?
Few children

BATH TIME SAFETY!

Bath time can be a fun, special time to share with your baby. It's also a time for extreme caution, though. Keep these bathing tips in mind so your little one will be safe and squeaky clean:
• The first and most important rule is this: Never, ever leave your baby unsupervised, even for a minute. Children can drown in less than an inch of water. Gather all of the supplies you'll need ahead of time (baby wash, washcloth, fresh diaper, towel, and so on). And if the doorbell or the phone rings and you have to answer it, scoop your baby up in a towel and take him or her with you.
• Make sure the bathroom is comfortably warm (around 75 degrees Fahrenheit). Babies can get chilled quickly.
• Don't put your baby into a tub when the water is still running (the water temperature could change or the water could get too deep).

QUESTIONS ABOUT ASTHMA!

Asthma, the most common serious chronic disease among children, is an inflammation and narrowing of the airways that causes difficulty breathing. (Often the term "asthma" is used to describe the symptom of wheezing, not its cause or its duration.) Allergens, such as pollens, mold spores, and animal danders; airway pollutants (including cigarette smoke and paint fumes); viral respiratory infections; and occasionally exercise or inhaling cold air can bring on an asthmatic attack.
Although asthma can be a serious and chronic health problem, with careful management most children with asthma are able to live normal, active lives. Its severity usually diminishes as the child grows and the airways enlarge.
What are some signs that my baby may have asthma?

November 9, 2015

CONSTIPATION AND YOUR BABY!

How will you know if your baby is constipated?
There's no such thing as a normal number of bowel movements per day. When – and how often – your baby moves his or her bowels can depend on when and what your baby eats, the level of activity, and how rapidly your baby's body digests food.
Constipation occurs when stool backs up in the intestines, either delaying bowel movements or making them hard for your baby to pass. Your baby may be constipated if any of the following is the case:
• Stools are hard and dry or have blood in them.
• Three or more days have passed since the last bowel movement.
• Your baby seems uncomfortable when having a bowel movement.

November 8, 2015

POISON-PROOFING YOUR HOME FOR YOUR CHILD!

Babies explore the world by putting things in their mouth. That's one reason more than 1 million children under age 6 are victims of accidental poisoning each year. You can help keep your baby safe by identifying and locking up toxic materials and knowing what to do if he or she touches, inhales, or swallows something poisonous

November 7, 2015

WHAT IS SIDS? HOW CAN YOU DECREASE THE RISK?

SIDS means Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
Every parent knows about SIDS. It is rare, but probably a parent's worst nightmare. By definition, SIDS has no known cause — and a very small percent of babies do die during sleep in their first year for no apparent reason. The best way to decrease your baby's risk is to always keep him/her in a safe environment, including when he/she is sleeping... which he/she does a lot! These are few steps to follow to decrease SIDS:
Lay baby on his back to sleep
Pediatrics recommend putting

TEETHING!

Teething can start as early as 3 months or as late as 12 months, but most babies sprout their first white caps (typically the two middle teeth on the bottom) between 4 and 7 months of age. Don't be alarmed if your baby has gaps between those pearly whites. Teeth often come up through the gums at odd angles, and spaces commonly disappear by age 3, after all 20 baby teeth have broken through

WHY CAN'T BABIES EAT HONEY? FIND OUT..

It's not the honey itself but what's in it that can make babies sick. The natural sweetener can contain the spores of a bacteria called Clostridium botulinum, the culprit behind the illness known as botulism. If these spores are ingested by a baby, they can grow in the intestines, where they'll produce botulism toxin, a highly poisonous substance that may gradually paralyze all the muscles in the body

QUESTIONS ABOUT "JAUNDICE"

What is jaundice?
Jaundice is a condition that causes a yellowish discoloration of the skin and the whites of the eyes. If you press your finger against the nose or chest of a fair-skinned baby with jaundice, you can see this yellow tinge. If your baby has dark skin, you can see the yellowness in the whites of the eyes or in the gums.
The most common type of jaundice develops on the second or third day of life – about when the baby is being discharged from the hospital – which is why it's important to know about it and keep an eye out for it. Most of these cases, called physiologic jaundice, disappear on their own in two weeks.
What causes jaundice

November 6, 2015

WAYS TO PREVENT CHOCKING HAZARDS IN CHILDREN!

From the time your child starts picking things up with her fingers until the age of 4 or 5, you'll need to be vigilant about choking hazards.
Children under 4 are the most likely to choke on something. This is partly because they tend to explore their world by putting things in their mouth. It's also because they're still learning how to chew and swallow food. Babies as young as 6 or 7 months can bite off a piece of food with their new front teeth. But they won't be able to chew it well until all their molars come in and they've had lots of practice with them, usually by the time they turn 4.
Unchewed bits of food can block the airway or be inhaled into the lungs.
Here are some ways you can prevent these chocking hazards from happening to your child:
Pay attention: 

CHILD CARE IS STRESS-FREE. FIND OUT HOW..

When you're doing solo baby duty, you may feel the hours stretching on and on. But a long day at home alone with your baby doesn't have to feel so long. In fact, it can be rejuvenating. Here's how to make the most of it.
Chill, baby
With all the emphasis on educational toys and baby brain-boosting these days, it's easy to feel like you're slacking off if you're not constantly stimulating and interacting with your baby

November 4, 2015

WHEN TO CALL A DOCTOR FOR YOUR BABY!

It's normal for new parents to worry about their baby's health. Even if you can see that your newborn is strong and sturdy, babies are small and vulnerable and need our protection. But how do you know when something's really wrong

PUMPING YOUR BREAST MILK!

The most common reason to  pump is to collect your milk so your baby can have it when you're not around, and to maintain your milk supply for when you're together. This is essential if you're going back to work but want to continue nursing

WHAT TO DO IF YOUR BABY STARTS CHOKING!

Will you know it when you see it?

Yes. Choking means that your baby is trying to get air or dislodge something that's partially obstructing his or her airway. Your baby may be choking if he or she has trouble breathing, is making unusual sounds, or is gagging, coughing, or wheezing. The skin may turn red, and he or she may lose consciousness.

What should you do if your baby starts choking?

If your baby can cough, cry, or make sounds or words and he or she appears to be breathing adequately, then the airway isn't fully blocked. Your baby will probably be able to clear the obstruction alone, and the best thing a parent can do is stay calm and be reassuring.

But if your baby is gasping for breath, turning from red to blue, looks panicked (wide eyes, open mouth), or appears unconscious, then yell for help and ask someone to call 911 immediately while you try to clear the airway:

If (and only if) you see the obstructing object, do a finger sweep to clear it. If you don't see the object, don't put your finger in your baby's mouth, as it may push the object farther back in the throat.

Hold your baby facedown over your forearm, supporting the chin in your hand. Keep your baby's head lower than the rest of the body.

Give your baby five back blows: quick, firm-but-gentle thumps with the heel of your hand between the shoulder blades – remembering that a baby's internal organs are fragile.

If your baby starts coughing, let him or her try to expel whatever is it that is being choked on rather than inserting your fingers in your baby's mouth to remove it.

If your baby doesn't cough up the item, carefully turn him or her over. Put two or three of your fingers just below an imaginary line running between your baby's nipples. Give five chest thrusts (push straight down on the chest 1/2 inch to 1 inch, then allow the ribcage to come back to its normal position).

Continue the sequence of five back blows and five chest thrusts until the object is forced out or your baby starts to cough. If your baby starts coughing, let him or her try to cough up the object.

If your baby becomes unconscious at any time, you'll need to start rescue breathing or CPR for infants. Otherwise repeat the steps above. Continue to do the best you can and get help as quickly as possible
.

What are good ways to prevent choking?

Give your baby age-appropriate food (mashed or strained foods and safe finger foods), supervise him or her during feedings (don't feed in a rush or in the car), and always have him or her sit upright when being fed. Don't let your baby play with small objects, toys that have small parts, or containers of baby powder. Follow the age guidelines on toys – they're based on safety, not just educational value or developmental skill. Also use caution when giving teething medication, as it could interfere with your baby's gag reflex.

Choking is one of the most common causes of death in children, so every parent and caregiver should take a class in infant CPR.

What if you suspect that your baby has swallowed something?

It's common for babies to swallow small objects (such as coins), which usually pass through the intestines without causing harm. But if you notice excessive drooling or an inability to swallow, a dramatic decrease in appetite, or if your baby indicates he or she is feeling pain where an object may be stuck, call your baby's doctor or go to the emergency room immediately.

EAR INFECTIONS & YOUR BABY!

What is an ear infection?

An ear infection – also known as acute otitis media – happens when viruses or bacteria and fluid become trapped behind your baby's eardrum. The resulting infection causes swelling, pain, and usually a fever. Ear infections are very common – more than half of infants will have at least one by their first birthday.

What are the symptoms?

• Apparent lack of hunger: Ear infections can make chewing and swallowing painful.

• Tugging persistently at an ear (although sometimes babies do this for no reason at all).

• Fever, which can range from 100 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit.

• A sudden change in mood, particularly following a cold. Pressure in the ear can hurt – especially when a baby's lying down – making him or her irritable.

• Ear drainage, which may be yellow, white, or even slightly bloody.

• Diarrhea: Ear infections are often caused by a virus that also affects the digestive system.

How is an ear infection treated?

Surprisingly, ear infections usually go away on their own, given enough time. However, many doctors will prescribe an antibiotic to avoid a worsening ear infection and to give the baby comfort sooner. Your baby's doctor may also recommend infant acetaminophen to relieve the pain and fever.

To prevent frequent ear infections:

• Keep your baby away from tobacco smoke, which can weaken the immune system.

• Continue breastfeeding if you're already doing so. Studies show that breastfed babies are less likely to have ear infections.

• Be sure your baby has had all his or her vaccinations, particularly the pneumococcaland flu shots, which have been shown to reduce the incidence of ear infections.

• Minimize your baby's use of a pacifier, since some studies suggest that using one may lead to more ear infections.

• If your baby attends a large daycare center, consider switching to one with fewer children. This will reduce his or her exposure to the cold germs that can trigger ear infections.

WHAT TO DO WHEN YOUR BABY CRIES (for no reason)

If you haven't already looked at our 12 reasons babies cry and how to soothe them, you may want to start there. If you still need strategies, read on. Fortunately, you can offer comfort without knowing the cause of distress.

Here are some tried and true methods:

Something to suck on

Sucking can steady a baby's heart rate, relax his stomach, and calm flailing limbs. Offer a pacifier or a finger to clamp onto and let your baby go to town.

Snuggling & swaddling

Newborns like to feel as warm and secure as they did in the womb: Try swaddling your baby in a blanket, wearing your baby, or holding him against your shoulder to re-create that feeling. Some babies find swaddling or cuddling too constrictive and respond better to other forms of comfort such as rhythmic movement or sucking a pacifier.

Music & rhythm

Try playing music, singing a lullaby or your favorite song, and dancing around the room. Experiment with different kinds of music to see what your baby responds to.

White noise

The growl of a vacuum cleaner might not seem very soothing, but many babies are calmed by a steady flow of "white noise" that blocks out other noises – much like the constant whoosh of bodily sounds they heard in the womb.

Fresh air

Sometimes simply opening the front or back door and stepping outside with your baby stops the crying instantly. If it works, savor the moment: Look around, look up at the sky, talk to your baby about the world around your home – whether it's a quiet cul-de-sac or a busy city street.

Warm water

Like fresh air, warm water can soothe and put a stop to your baby's tears..

For a change from a bath, try holding your baby in your arms under a gently running shower. Don't push it if your baby doesn't like the noise or splashing water, but some babies really take to it. Just make sure your shower is slip-proof..

Motion

The movement involved in being carried in your arms or a carrier may be enough. Other ways to get your baby in motion: a rocking chair, swing, or bouncy seat; setting your baby in a car seat on the dryer while it's on (don't walk away, though – the dryer's vibrations can cause the seat to move and fall off!); a ride in the stroller or car.

Fresh air

Sometimes simply opening the front or back door and stepping outside with your baby stops the crying instantly. If it works, savor the moment: Look around, look up at the sky, talk to your baby about the world around your home – whether it's a quiet cul-de-sac or a busy city street.
Warm water

Like fresh air, warm water can soothe and put a stop to your baby's tears..

For a change from a bath, try holding your baby in your arms under a gently running shower. Don't push it if your baby doesn't like the noise or splashing water, but some babies really take to it. Just make sure your shower is slip-proof..

Motion

The movement involved in being carried in your arms or a carrier may be enough. Other ways to get your baby in motion: a rocking chair, swing, or bouncy seat; setting your baby in a car seat on the dryer while it's on (don't walk away, though – the dryer's vibrations can cause the seat to move and fall off!); a ride in the stroller or car. Stay kamsified!

12 REASONS BABIES CRY AND HOW TO SOOTHE THEM!

There's no getting around it: Babies cry. It's how they communicate hunger, pain, fear, a need for sleep, and more.

So how are parents supposed to know what their baby is trying to tell them? It can be tricky to interpret your child’s cries, especially at first.

Here are the most common reasons babies cry. If your little one is wailing and you don't know why, work your way down the list. Chances are you'll find something that helps.

1. Hunger

This is probably the first thing you think of when your baby cries.

Learning to recognize the signs of hunger will help you start your baby's feedings before the crying stage. Some signs to watch for in newborns: fussing, smacking of lips, rooting (a newborn reflex that causes babies to turn their head toward your hand when you stroke their cheek), and putting their hands to their mouth.

2. A dirty/wet diaper

Some babies let you know right away when they need to be changed. Others can tolerate a dirty diaper for quite a while.

Either way, this one is easy to check and simple to remedy.

3. Needs sleep

Aren't babies lucky? When they're tired they can simply go to sleep – anytime, anywhere. Or so adults like to think.

In reality, it's harder for them than you might think. Instead of nodding off, babies may fuss and cry, especially if they're overly tired.

4. Wants to be held

Babies need a lot of cuddling. They like to see their parents' faces, hear their voices, and listen to their heartbeats, and can even detect their unique smell. Crying can be their way of asking to be held close.

You may wonder if you'll spoil your baby by holding him so much, but during the first few months of life that isn't possible. To give your arms some relief, try wearing your baby in a front carrier or sling.

5. Tummy troubles (gas, colic, and more)

Tummy troubles associated with gas or colic can lead to lots of crying. In fact, the rather mysterious condition called colic is defined as inconsolable crying for at least three hours a day, at least three days a week, at least three weeks in a row.

If your baby often fusses and cries right after being fed, he may be feeling some sort of tummy pain. Many parents swear by over-the-counter anti-gas drops for babies or gripe water (made from herbs and sodium bicarbonate). Get your doctor's okay before using either of these.

For more help, discover more than 20 strategies for soothing a colicky baby.

Even if your baby isn't colicky and has never been fussy after eating, an occasional bout of gas pain can make him miserable until he works it out. If you suspect gas, try something simple to eliminate it such as putting him/her on his/her back, holding his/her feet, and moving his/her legs in a gentle bicycling motion.

Discover other possible causes of babies abdominal pain, including reflux, stomach flu, milk allergy, lactose intolerance, constipation, and intestinal blockage.

6. Needs to burp

Burping isn't mandatory. But if your baby cries after a feeding, a good burp may be all he/she needs.

Babies swallow air when they breastfeed or suck from a bottle, and if the air isn't released it may cause some discomfort. Some babies are intensely bothered by having air in their tummy, while others don't seem to burp or need to be burped much at all.

7. Too cold or too hot

When your baby feels chilly, such as when you remove his clothes to change a diaper or clean his bottom with a cold wipe, he/she may protest by crying.

Newborns like to be bundled up and kept warm — but not too warm. As a rule, they’re comfortable wearing one more layer than you need to be comfortable. Babies are less likely to complain about being too warm than about being too cold, and they won't cry about it as vigorously.

8. Something small

Babies can be troubled by something as hard to spot as a hair wrapped tightly around a tiny toe or finger, cutting off circulation. (Doctors call this painful situation a "hair tourniquet," and it's one of the first things they look for if a baby seems to be crying for no reason.)

Some babies are extra sensitive to things like scratchy clothing tags or fabric. And they can be very picky (understandably) about subtleties ranging from the position they're held in to the bottle you offer.

9. Teething

Teething can be painful as each new tooth pushes through tender young gums. Some babies suffer more than others, but all are likely to be fussy and tearful at some point along the way.

If your baby seems to be in pain and you're not sure why, try feeling his gums with your finger. You may be surprised to discover the hard nub of a baby tooth on its way in.

On average, the first tooth breaks through between 4 and 7 months, but it can happen earlier or later. Find out more about teething and how to ease the pain.

10. Wants less stimulation

Babies learn from the stimulation of the world around them, but sometimes they have a hard time processing it all — the lights, the noise, being passed from hand to hand. Crying can be a baby's way of saying, "I've had enough."

Many newborns enjoy being swaddled. It seems to make them feel more secure when the world gets overwhelming. If your baby's too old for swaddling or doesn't like it, try retreating to a serene spot and letting your baby vent for a while to manage a meltdown.

11. Wants more stimulation

A "demanding" baby may be outgoing and eager to see the world. And often the only way to stop the crying and fussing is to stay active. This can be exhausting for you!

Try "wearing" your baby in a sling, front carrier, or backpack. Plan plenty of activities. Hang out with other parents with babies. Go on regular outings to kid-friendly places, whether that's your local playground, a children's museum, or the zoo.

12. Not feeling well

If you've met your baby's basic needs and comforted him and he's still crying, he could be coming down with something. You may want to check his temperature to rule out a fever and be alert for other signs of illness.

The cry of a sick baby tends to be distinct from one caused by hunger or frustration. If your baby's crying "just doesn't sound right," trust your instincts and call or see a doctor. Stay kamsified!

November 3, 2015

ARE YOU A SINGLE PARENT?

Are you a single parent? Raising a child is hard enough with a partner, but when you're doing it alone, the difficulty rises to a whole new level.
Yet parents all over the world are successfully and joyfully raising children by themselves.
"Just because you're steering a one-person kayak rather than a two-person canoe doesn't mean you can't handily navigate the tumultuous waters of parenthood."
These tips can help smooth your journey. 

Baby Kamsi loves to dance! Watch and subscribe to the kamsified channel on youtube

https://youtu.be/c_qLHQ_jEc8

WHAT'S THE BEST WAY TO TAKE YOUR BABY'S TEMPERATURE?

For starters, you'll need a good digital thermometer, which you can find in drugstores/pharmacies. Digital thermometers are easy to use, easy to read, and fast – most give an accurate reading in ten seconds to two minutes.
Some digital thermometers are specifically designed for use in the rectum, but most can be used rectally, orally, or under the arm. (If you take your baby's temperature using more than one method, you'll want to designate a thermometer for each.) Digital ear thermometers, called tympanic thermometers, are usually more expensive and can only be used in the ear

HOW DO YOU KNOW YOUR BABY'S HEARING IS OK?

All babies should receive a newborn hearing screen before leaving the hospital. (Estimates show that 2 to 3 of every 1,000 babies are born with some degree of hearing loss.)

Luckily, most babies are born with excellent hearing. A baby who turns when you enter the room or is beginning to coo and make pre-speech sounds probably hears just fine. You can check your baby's hearing in a simple way: When your baby is awake and alert, stand behind him or her and clap your hands behind his or her head. If your baby's hearing is good, you'll see a startle at this loud, sudden noise. Repeat the experiment a couple of times to be sure.

A baby with normal hearing may respond to noise by turning his or her head to find the source of the sound. If your baby doesn't notice you until he or she can see you, it could be a sign that his or her hearing is impaired.

What can cause hearing problems?

Some babies are born with hearing difficulties because of a hereditary problem. A family history of deafness can be a red flag. Other causes include exposure to infections such asrubella (German measles) or CMV (cytomegalovirus) in utero, problems during delivery that compromised the supply of oxygen to the baby, meningitis, hypothyroidism, or prematurity.

Some birth defects also cause deafness. In some cases, a hearing problem is temporary, caused by a cold, a middle ear infection, or a large buildup of earwax. Or the inner ear could be damaged because of an injury, a tumor, or a virus.

What if there's a problem?

If you have any concerns about your baby's hearing, be sure to tell your baby's doctor, who can examine your baby's ears, run hearing tests, or refer you to an audiologist (hearing specialist) or a pediatric ENT (ear, nose, and throat doctor), who can do a more in-depth ear examination.

Early diagnosis is important for hearing problems. Hearing loss that goes untreated can cause your baby to have trouble with learning and language development in the future, but early diagnosis and treatment usually leads to normal development of language skills. Treatment for impaired hearing may include a hearing aid, which can be made to fit even a tiny baby. Later, such children may be candidates for a cochlear implant, a device that uses electrodes to process sound, as well as speech therapy.

Always check your baby's hearing from time to time. And of cos stay kamsified!

November 2, 2015

BREASTFEEDING & YOUR BABY!

Breastfeeding & your baby:

Breastfeeding protects your baby from a long list of illnesses

Numerous studies from around the world have shown that stomach viruses, lower respiratory illnesses, ear infections, and meningitis occur less often in breastfed babies and are less severe when they do happen. Exclusive breastfeeding (meaning no solid food, formula, or water) for at least six months seems to offer the most protection.

One large study showed that children who are breastfed have a 20 percent lower risk of dying between the ages of 28 days and 1 year than children who weren't breastfed, with longer breastfeeding associated with lower risk.

The main immune factor at work here is a substance called secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) that's present in large amounts in colostrum, the first milk your body produces for your baby. (Secretory IgA is present in lower concentrations in mature breast milk.) The substance guards against invading germs by forming a protective layer on the mucous membranes in your baby's intestines, nose, and throat.

Your breast milk is specifically tailored to your baby. Your body responds to pathogens (virus and bacteria) that are in your body and makes secretory IgA that's specific to those pathogens, creating protection for your baby based on whatever you're exposed to.

Breastfeeding's protection against illness lasts beyond your baby's breastfeeding stage, too. Studies have shown that breastfeeding can reduce a child's risk of developing certain childhood cancers. Scientists don't know exactly how breast milk reduces the risk, but they think antibodies in breast milk may give a baby's immune system a boost.

Breastfeeding may also help children avoid a host of diseases that strike later in life, such as type 1 and type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, and inflammatory bowel disease. In fact, preemies given breast milk as babies are less likely to have high blood pressure by the time they're teenagers.

For babies who aren't breastfed, researchers have documented a link between lack of breastfeeding and later development of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.


Breastfeeding & you: 


Breastfeeding may reduce your risk of some types of cancer. 

Numerous studies have found that the longer women breastfeed, the more they're protected against breast and ovarian cancer. For breast cancer, nursing for at least a year appears to have the most protective effect.

It's not entirely clear how breastfeeding helps, but it may have to do with the structural changes in breast tissue caused by breastfeeding and the fact that lactation suppresses the amount of estrogen your body produces. Researchers think the effect on ovarian cancer may be related to estrogen suppression as well.

BLOCKED FALOPIAN TUBES: -by Dr Maduka

ONLY a qualified and trained gynaecology specialist or consultant can make this diagnosis. Please don't patronise quacks in this case. This may determine your ability to have a child or not.

There is nothing like flushing open the Fallopian tubes through the vagina (many girls have told me this. Any doctor that tells you he/she can open up your blocked Fallopian tubes by flushing something through your vagina is quack. Please run for your dear life).

You need a type of operation known as TUBOPLASTY to open up your blocked Fallopian tubes and ONLY a high quality gynaecologist can perform this surgery.

You do not have to do a D and C or an abortion to have Fallopian tube blockage.

The commonest cause of blocked Fallopian tubes is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) and the commonest causes of PID are sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhoea and Chlamydia. Unfortunately, when women have these infections they may never know unless their boyfriends or husbands tells them that they have been infected.

The Fallopian tubes may also be blocked by endometritis, infections after childbirth and intraabdominal infections including appendicitis and peritonitis. But these are rare causes.

We also know that women with distal Fallopian tube blockage have a higher rate of HIV infection.

Fallopian tubes may be blocked as a method of contraception (Tubal Ligation). In these situations tubes tend to be healthy and typically patients requesting the procedure have had children. Tubal ligation is considered a permanent procedure.

DR MCO

November 1, 2015

HAPPY NEW MONTH!

Here's to wish my readers a happy and fruitful November. Stay kamsified!!! I love y'all!